Historic buildings are shown in relation to the main modem thoroughfares. A large-scale plan of the city in the last century is reproduced in segments by Ekrem Hakkı Ayverdi, 19. Asırda Istanbul Haritası (Istanbul, Sehir Matbaası, 1958). See also J. J. Hellert, Atlas de l’Empire ottomane (Paris 1843) Pl. 37.