Brahmo Samaj
(813 words)

Brahmo Samaj was the name of the first reform movement of 19th-century Hinduism. It was founded as Brahmō Sabhā by Rāmmohan Roy in Calcutta in 1828, and after a short period of stagnation, it was renamed Brahmo Samaj (Hindi: “Society [of followers] of Brahma”; “Brahma Society”) in 1843 under Debendranath Tagore. The primary purpose of the movement was to reform outdated Hinduism in the course of intensive engagement with Christianity and the British colonial power.

Roy, still regarded today as one of the “fathers of modern India” [3]; [6], was born into a wealthy Brahmin family, wh…

Cite this page
Neubert, Frank, “Brahmo Samaj”, in: Encyclopedia of Early Modern History Online, Executive editor of the English edition: Graeme Dunphy. Consulted online on 19 January 2018 <>
First published online: 2015
First print edition: 20160907

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