(1,031 words)

The word apothecary comes from the Greek apothēkē (“storehouse”), the term used by the physician and medical author Galen to describe his collection of medicines. However, the first attestations of the profession of apothecary come from the Arabic Middle Ages [7. 267]. In the 13th century, the first European laws were enacted distinguishing the two professions of doctor and apothecary (Constitutiones of Frederick II, 1231/41, for the Regno of Sicily; decree of the Paris Faculty of Medicine, 1271).

Until the 19th century, the training of an apothecary consisted of a peri…

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Wahrig, Bettina, “Apothecary”, in: Encyclopedia of Early Modern History Online, Editors of the English edition: Graeme Dunphy, Andrew Gow. Original German Edition: Enzyklopädie der Neuzeit. Im Auftrag des Kulturwissenschaftlichen Instituts (Essen) und in Verbindung mit den Fachherausgebern herausgegeben von Friedrich Jaeger. Copyright © J.B. Metzlersche Verlagsbuchhandlung und Carl Ernst Poeschel Verlag GmbH 2005–2012. Consulted online on 24 March 2018 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/2352-0272_emho_SIM_016945>
First published online: 2015
First print edition: 20160321

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