Agricultural pioneer
(819 words)

Agricultural production in Central Europe, in contrast to England and the Netherlands, was marked by the three-field system with extensive fallow land and brought in only modest harvest. Extensive common land inhibited intensive land use. Feudal, natural, and technological conditions imposed further limitations on the development of agriculture. While agriculture began to modernize in England in broad sweeps already in the 18th century (Agricultural revolution), individual initiative had greater significance in implementing agricultural changes in Germany. S…

Cite this page
Kaak, Heinrich, “Agricultural pioneer”, in: Encyclopedia of Early Modern History Online, Executive editor of the English edition: Graeme Dunphy. Consulted online on 20 March 2018 <>
First published online: 2015
First print edition: 20160321

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