(1,406 words)

Alpinism is often synonymous with mountaineering. However, the technical and sporting aspect of Alpinism only began to take center stage from the mid-19th century, and this process narrowed the perspective. Even in this period, during which various Alpinist associations were being founded, Alpinism was defined more broadly, as a wide spectrum of engagement with the mountains from scientific observation and measure…

Cite this page
Langreiter, Nikola and Lanzinger, Margareth, “Alpinism”, in: Encyclopedia of Early Modern History Online, Editors of the English edition: Graeme Dunphy, Andrew Gow. Original German Edition: Enzyklopädie der Neuzeit. Im Auftrag des Kulturwissenschaftlichen Instituts (Essen) und in Verbindung mit den Fachherausgebern herausgegeben von Friedrich Jaeger. Copyright © J.B. Metzlersche Verlagsbuchhandlung und Carl Ernst Poeschel Verlag GmbH 2005–2012. Consulted online on 23 January 2019 <>
First published online: 2015
First print edition: 20160321

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