Encyclopedia of Arabic Language and Linguistics

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(2,256 words)

A minority of Arabic roots are biconsonantal, while the great majority, as in other Semitic languages, consist of three consonants called ‘radical consonants’ or simply ‘radicals’ (here symbolized as ‘R’) and one or two root vowels. Since vowels are subject to morpho-phonemic changes, it is difficult to say precisely which ones are root vowels. Traditionally, Arabic roots, like roots of other Semitic languages, have been analyzed as consisting of consonants only (root; derivation), viz., two, three, or four consonants. Most of the roots consisting of four consonants…

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Andrzej Zaborski, “Biradicalism”, in: Encyclopedia of Arabic Language and Linguistics, Managing Editors Online Edition: Lutz Edzard, Rudolf de Jong. Consulted online on 19 July 2019 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1570-6699_eall_EALL_COM_0046>
First published online: 2011
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004177024, 20090831

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