(1,215 words)

Heraklion (Gk. Chandax, Kastro, Megalo Kastro, mod. Hērakleio; Mod. Turk. Kandiye, Ott. Qandiye), also known as Candia (its Venetian name) is a town on the north coast of Crete.

When an Arab fleet conquered Crete from the Byzantines, in 212/827–8, a camp fortified with a ditch—Ar. khandaq, Turk. hendek, whence the name Candia and the Gk. Chandax—was built as the seat of the newly founded emirate. After the Byzantine reconquest in 350/961, the walls of the town were destroyed, but it continued to be the seat of Byzantine and, later (after 1204…

Cite this page
Sariyannis, Marinos, “Heraklion”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, THREE, Edited by: Kate Fleet, Gudrun Krämer, Denis Matringe, John Nawas, Everett Rowson. Consulted online on 15 December 2017 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1573-3912_ei3_COM_30431>
First published online: 2017
First print edition: 9789004335745, 2017, 2017-5

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