(578 words)

Behazin (Bihāḍīn), born Maḥmūd Iʿtimādzāda (1915–2006) in Rasht, was a translator, writer, editor, and communist activist. He was an active member of the Tudeh, a communist party, throughout his adult life and helped introduce some key Western texts to Persian readers. After studies at Dār al-Funūn in Tehran, he was sent to France in 1932 to study engineering as a scholarship student, where he became familiar with writers and thinkers such as Honoré de Balzac and Romain Rolland, whose works he w…

Cite this page
Nanquette, Laetitia, “Behazin”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, THREE, Edited by: Kate Fleet, Gudrun Krämer, Denis Matringe, John Nawas, Everett Rowson. Consulted online on 15 December 2017 <>
First published online: 2017
First print edition: 9789004335745, 2017, 2017-5

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