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Bahrain (officially the Kingdom of Bahrain; Mamlakat al-Baḥrayn) is an archipelago in the Persian/Arabian Gulf originally consisting of thirty-three islands. It lies just offshore from eastern Saudi Arabia (to which it is connected by a causeway, completed in 1986) and is close to the Qatar peninsula to the east. Bahrain’s capital, Manama (al-Manāma), is located on the main island, also called al-Baḥrayn (classically known as ʿAwāl). The island of al-Muḥarraq, to the north, is the second most he…

Cite this page
Peterson, J. E., “Bahrain”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, THREE, Edited by: Kate Fleet, Gudrun Krämer, Denis Matringe, John Nawas, Everett Rowson. Consulted online on 23 July 2018 <>
First published online: 2017
First print edition: 9789004335745, 2017, 2017-5

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